17 Januari 2018

Indian Navy Plans to Acquire its Third Aircraft Carrier for a Whopping Rs 1.6 Lakh Crore (25 Bio USD)

17 Januari 2018

The Indian Navy has one operational aircraft carrier, INS Vikramaditya (pictured above), while INS Vikrant is under construction. (photo : Indian Navy)

The Indian Navy is moving ahead with a big-ticket proposal for acquiring its third aircraft carrier which is expected to cost around Rs 1.6 lakh crore along with the additional component of 57 fighter aircraft.

The Navy has one operational aircraft carrier in the INS Vikramaditya while another one, INS Vikrant, is under construction at the Cochin Shipyard Limited (CSL) and is expected to join service in the next few years.

“The Navy is planning to field its Rs 70,000 crore proposal before the defence ministry in near future which will cost around Rs 1.6 lakh crore at the approval stage itself along with the fighter plane component and the actual costs will go higher further as the programme moves ahead,” government sources told Mail Today.

The Navy has plans of buying 57 twin-engine fighter planes for the third aircraft carrier for which American F-18 and French Dassault Rafale are in the race.

“If one goes by the cost of the 36 Rafales acquired for the Air Force, the 57 planes are not going to cost us less than Rs 90,000-95,000 crore,” the sources said.

Citing the Chinese threat, the Navy had been asking for construction of the third nuclearpowered aircraft carrier using American technology and systems which is going to be far more expensive in comparison with the existing systems.

The Navy has been arguing that it should have one aircraft carrier each for the eastern and western sea boards with one aircraft carrier in reserve to take care of the time taken for refit and repair of any of the two carriers.

However, the defence ministry is not very keen on the project due to the high costs involved in it and it would force the government to change its acquisition plans for the coming years compelling it to wait list a number of other urgently required weapon systems of the Army and the Air Force, sources said.

The cost of equipment for the aircraft carrier take-off patented by an American private sector firm will also be a major factor in determining the final cost of the carrier for India, the sources said.

For buying the aircraft for the aircraft carrier, the Navy had floated a request for information (RFI) but it has not got any clearance from the defence ministry for issuing the tender for the project.

However, the Navy has already allowed the vendors to give it a presentation on whether their planes would be able to take off from the Russian-origin INS Vikramaditya or not. Defence ministry sources also said the need for further expanding the aircraft carrier fleet needs to be thought over again as all targets and routes in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) can be looked after well by the existing assets and bases in the area.

Due to this reason, the defence ministry had refused to clear the five-year programme of the Navy as agreeing to it would required at least doubling the current acquisition budget of the ministry.

The government of India already spends 28 per cent of its total acquisition budget on fulfilling the requirements of the three services and increasing it to a higher level does not seem possible in the near future, sources said.

(India Today)

KSAL : TNI AL Akan Mengakuisisi 2 Kapal Destroyer

17 Januari 2018


Kapal Destroyer melakukan demo penembakan VL-ASROC (photo : Navy Recognition)

Dalam acara penanda-tanganan Kontrak Kolektif Pengadaan Barang dan Jasa 2018 di TNI AL yang dilakukan pada 12 Januari 2018, yang meliputi 173 kontrak senilai Rp 813 Milyar untuk berbagai satuan di lingkungan TNI AL, turut hadir KSAL, pejabat Kementerian Pertahanan dan petinggi TNI serta TNI AL lainnya.

Meskipun dalam acara tersebut kontrak kolektif yang dilakukan adalah untuk non-alutsista, namun KSAL yang hadir dalam acara tersebut banyak ditanya wartawan tentang rencana pengadaan alutsista di TNI AL untuk tahun 2018.

Dalam kurun 2015-2019 rencana Kementerian Pertahanan untuk TNI AL adalah  pengadaan kapal perang meliputi kapal selam, fregat, kapal buru ranjau, kapal OPV, kapal cepat rudal, LPD, LST, kapal patroli serta kapal bantu lainnya.

Khusus untuk pengadaan kapal fregat telah direncanakan pembelian 4 kapal baru untuk melengkapi 2 fregat kelas PKR 105 yang telah diakuisisi pada periode 2010-2014, enam kapal fregat ini untuk menggantikan kapal fregat Ahmad Yani class yang sudah menua.

Dalam wawancara dengan wartawan, KSAL Laksamana Ade Supandi seperti termuat dalam video yang diupload oleh CNN-Indonesia pada tanggal 16 Januari 2018 mengatakan:

"Nanti ada kemungkinan untuk 2 fregat itu kita harapkan kelasnya dinaikkan, mungkin sekelas destroyer, supaya lebih besar supaya gagah kita itu. Lihat negara sekeliling kita India  sudah memiliki sekitar 40 kapal destroyer, kemudian Malaysia, Singapura sudah punya dan Vietnam sedang membangun".

Kapal destroyer/perusak adalah kapal turunan dari kapal cruiser/penjelajah sehingga dapat melaksanakan operasi secara mandiri, mempunyai endurance lebih lama, mampu beroperasi jauh di luar negaranya, mempunyai kapabilitas serangan ke darat, peralatan pengendus dan sistem manajemen pertempuran lebih cepat dan lebih jauh jaraknya, dapat membawa persenjataan lebih banyak dan lebih jauh jaraknya, serta dapat membawa helikopter lebih dari satu, serta beberapa kelebihan lainnya.

Target MEF 2024 untuk TNI AL

Dalam MEF 2024 TNI AL versi awal dikenal target minimal (151 kapal), standar (220 kapal), dan ideal (274 kapal), untuk striking force minimal harus ada 4 kapal selam/KS, 8 kapal Perusak Kawal Rudal/PKR, dan 8 kapal Kawal Korvet/KK. Untuk PKR dan KK telah ada kapal Ahmad Yani class (6 kapal), Bung Tomo class (3 kapal), Fatahillah class (3 kapal), Diponegoro class (4 kapal), dan 1 fregat latih Ki Hajar Dewantoro, total ada 17 kapal.

Dari kebutuhan minimal 16 kapal PKR+KK sudah tersedia 17 kapal, artinya sudah cukup, tinggal masalah kesiapan kapal. Dari sisi ini, Fatahillah class (commissioning tahun 1979) telah diputuskan untuk dilakukan MLU, sedangkan Van Speijk class (commissioning tahun 1967) diputuskan untuk dipensiunkan. Keseluruhan program ini akan selesai pada periode 2015-2019.

KS dari kebutuhan minimal 4 kapal telah dilakukan perubahan menjadi 12 kapal dan akhirnya diturunkan lagi menjadi 8 kapal, Untuk kapal selam telah ada Cakra class sebanyak 2 kapal (commissioning 1981) dan Nagapasa class sebanyak 3 kapal (commisioning 2017). Pemenuhan kapal inilah yang akan mengisi anggaran TNI AL pada tahun 2018-2019 (3 kapal) dan 2020-2024 (2 kapal jika Cakra class dipensiunkan).

Pembelian 2 destroyer akan mendongkrak kemampuan TNI AL sehingga dapat melakukan proyeksi kekuatan jauh di luar pangkalan (photo : Naval Technology)

TNI AL dan Kapal Destroyer

Bagi TNI AL jenis kapal Destroyer bukanlah sesuatu yang baru, Armada TNI AL pada tahun 1960-an diperkuat dengan  1 Kapal Penjelajah, 8 Kapal Destroyer 10 Kapal Fregat, 2 Kapal Korvet ASW serta 12 Kapal Selam. Armada ini merupakan Armada terkuat TNI AL sepanjang sejarah berdirinya sehingga sangat disegani dunia.

Keinginan TNI AL untuk mengakuisisi Kapal Destroyer muncul lagi pada periode 2005-2007 jaman KSAL dipimpin oleh Laksamana Slamet Subiyanto yang berkeinginan untuk membeli 2 kapal destroyer Sovremenny class bekas dari Rusia, kapal destroyer ini mempunyai panjang 156 m dan bobot penuh 6.600 ton. Keinginan tersebut batal seiring dengan perubahan kebijakan untuk mengutamakan pembelian kapal perang baru oleh Kementerian Pertahanan.

Kontestan Kapal Destroyer
  
Untuk menggantikan 6 kapal fregat Ahmad Yani class/Van Speijk class (panjang 113 m, berat 2.850 ton), Kementerian Pertahanan telah memilih 4 kapal dari tipe Sigma 10514 class (panjang 105m, berat 2.365 ton), sedangkan 2 lagi adalah kapal Destroyer.

Hingga saat ini setidaknya telah ada 6 negara menawarkan kapal Destroyer kepada TNI AL, untuk 6 tipe tersebut, kapalnya pernah singgah di Indonesia atau pernah ditengok oleh delegasi Kementerian Pertahanan/TNI AL di negara asalnya.

Ada 3 sodoran kapal yang dapat difungsikan sebagai destroyer yang berasal dari Barat yaitu Iver Huitfield class dari Denmark (panjang 138 m, berat 6.645 ton), FREMM class dari Prancis-Italia (panjang 144 m, berat 6.700 ton), dan DZP class dari Belanda (panjang 144m, berat 6.050 ton).

Tidak kalah menariknya adalah 3 sodoran kapal dari Timur yaitu Chungmugong Yi Sun-sin class/KDX-II class dari Korea Selatan (panjang 150 m, berat 5.500 ton), Talwar/Shivalik class dari Rusia (panjang 142 m, berat 6.200 ton), dan Type 052C class (Luyang II class) dari China (panjang 155m, berat 7.000 ton).

Daftar mungkin saja akan bertambah setelah Kementerian Pertahanan resmi membuka tender pengadaan kapal ini. Pemenang yang dipilih tentu saja kapal yang sanggup memenuhi kriteria sistem senjata terpadu TNI AL, memenuhi bajet yang tersedia, dan tentu saja sanggup memenuhi ketentuan Undang Nomor 16 tahun 2012 tentang Industri Pertahanan, khususnya mengenai transfer of technology, dan local content.

(Defense Studies)

4 Lagi Kapal Peronda Tingkat Keselamatan Sabah

17 Januari 2018


KD Selangor dipindahkan ke Markas Pemerintahan Armada Timur, Pangkalan TLDM Kota Kinabalu, Sabah dari Pangkalan TLDM Lumut. (photo : Berita Harian)

KOTA KINABALU: Markas Pemerintahan Armada Timur, Tentera Laut Diraja Malaysia (TLDM) akan menerima empat lagi kapal peronda generasi baru (PV) bagi mengukuhkan kawalan serta tahap keselamatan di perairan negeri ini.

Panglima Armada Timur, Laksamana Madya Datuk Syed Zahiruddin Putra Syed Osman, berkata dua daripada aset terbabit akan diterima pada tahun ini iaitu KD Selangor dijangka tiba di pangkalan TLDM Kota Kinabalu di Teluk Sepanggar, Sabtu ini dan KD Kelantan pula pada Mac depan.

Katanya, dua lagi kapal jenis sama iaitu KD Pahang dan Terengganu pula dijangka diperoleh pada tahun depan.

"Setakat ini, kita mempunyai KD Kedah dan Perak. Apabila semua aset itu berada di sini, secara keseluruhan pangkalan ini memiliki enam aset utama bagi kegunaan Armada Timur.

"Selain itu, sebanyak 18 kapal misi pesisir (LMS) akan ditempatkan di sini, Tawau dan Sandakan di Sabah serta Bintulu, Sarawak. Empat daripada kapal itu sedang dibina di China dan dijangka siap dalam tempoh dua tahun," kata selepas menyempurnakan Perbarisan Tahunan Panglima Armada Timur dan Program Admiral On Deck, di sini, hari ini.

Seramai 41 pegawai dan 271 anggota membabitkan 10 platun mengikuti perbarisan yang diadakan di padang kawad KD Sri Kota Kinabalu, Pangkalan TLDM Kota Kinabalu.

Sementara itu, Syed Zahiruddin Putra, berkata Kementerian Pertahanan meluluskan peruntukan sebanyak RM20 juta bagi projek kesejahteraan dan kebajikan warga TLDM Kota Kinabalu.

Beliau berkata, dana itu akan digunakan bagi membaikpulih prasarana dalam Pangkalan TLDM Kota Kinabalu, selain untuk kebajikan anggota dan keluarga mereka.

Sementara itu, beliau berkata, pihaknya turut meningkatkan kesiapsiagaan mengawasi perairan Sabah bagi menghadapi musim Pilihan Raya Umum Ke-14 (PRU14) yang dijangka diadakan dalam masa terdekat.

"Rondaan di semua kawasan memang diadakan seperti biasa, namun kita cuma mempertingkatkan dari segi ketelitian, kepekaan dan sistem radar," katanya.

(Berita Harian)

Australia Plans to Upgrade M1A1 Abrams MBT

17 Januari 2018


M1A1 Abrams Battle Tank from the 1st Armoured Regiment (photo : Aus DoD)

Billion-dollar LAND projects open for business

Work to provide the Army with an upgraded Main Battle Tank capability and a bridging and breaching capability is getting underway, with the combined projects worth up to $2.5 billion.

Defence's Capability Acquisition and Sustainment Group (CASG) is holding a consultation day for industry for the LAND 907 Phase 2 and LAND 8160 Phase 1 projects next month.

Under the LAND 907 Phase 1 project, Defence acquired 59 M1A1 Abrams Integrated Management (AIM) Situational Awareness (SA) Abrams tanks, 13 M88 Hercules Armoured Recovery Vehicles, and training and support systems including simulators, special tools, test equipment, spares and ammunition. 

The LAND 907 Phase 2 project, budgeted for $750 million to $1 billion, will look at providing the Australian Army with an upgraded Main Battle Tank (MBT) capability, with the M1A1 to be upgraded to a M1A2 variant and M88A2 to be upgraded to an M88A3 variant. 

Under the LAND 8160 Phase 1 project, Defence is seeking to acquire and armoured engineering system for the Army to provide and under armour obstacle breaching and bridging capability to support mounted forces. The capability will be based on a M1 tank chassis and may be delivered by three variants: an Armoured Breacher Vehicle, an Armoured Bridge Launcher and an Armoured Engineering Vehicle (AEV). 

The breacher vehicle's main role will be to mechanically and explosively breach minefields and clear obstacles, while the armour bridge launcher will be able to cross wet or dry gaps and allow for forward movement in the battlefield. An AEV typically features a large dozer blade or mine ploughs, a large calibre demolition cannon, augers, winches, excavator arms and cranes or lifting booms.

The project has been budgeted for $1 billion to $1.5 billion.

This industry day will be held at Level 1, CQ Functions Centre, 113-123 Queen St, Melbourne on Wednesday, 21 February 2018, with one-on-one sessions on the Wednesday and running until Friday, 23 February 2018. Registration for the events can be made through CASG.

(Defence Connect)

Pemprov Kaltara Berencana Beli Tiga Pesawat N-219 Nurtanio

17 Januari 2018


Pesawat N219 Nurtanio (photo : Merdeka)

Nunukan (ANTARA News) - Pemerintah Provinsi Kalimantan Utara berencana membeli tiga pesawat jenis N-219 Nurtanio produksi PT Dirgantara Indonesia (DI) untuk melayani angkutan udara antar kabupaten di Provinsi Kaltara.

Gubernur Kaltara, Irianto Lambrie melalui pesan tertulisnya, Senin meyakini kemampuan jelajah pesawat buatan dalam negeri itu sesuai dengan karakteristik wilayah di daerahnya.

"Saya yakin kemampuan jelajah pesawat Nurtanio ini sesuai dengan kondisi wilayah Kaltara," kata dia. 

Meskipun pesawat itu dirancang khusus melayani angkutan udara antar kabupaten di Provinsi Kaltara, Irianto Lambrie mengatakan tidak menutup kemungkinan menggunakan pesawat tersebut untuk melayani Kaltara-Balikpapan (Kaltim) dan Pontianak (Kalbar). 

Bahkan dia mewacanakan, melayani penerbangan Kaltara-Negeri Sabah dan Negeri Sarawak (Malaysia. Wacana tersebut, kata dia, untuk memperlihatkan kemampuan karya anak bangsa Indonesia kepada negara tetangga. 

Pemprov Kaltara pada tahap awal akan membeli satu unit N-219 yang kontrak pembeliannya dilakukan pada April 2018. 

(Antara)

16 Januari 2018

Steel Cutting Ceremony of Second Batch Type 218SG Submarine

16 Januari 2018

Type 218SG submarine (all photos : RSN)

Today's security environment is complex and still evolving. This requires our Navy to build capabilities to maintain its edge and to deal with potential threats.

We have commissioned three of our eight Littoral Mission Vessels and can expect the other five to be operational soon. Our unmanned systems for mine countermeasure, force protection and maritime surveillance are also being operationalised.


Last Friday, we began construction of our third and fourth Type 218SG submarines at a steel-cutting ceremony.

The Type 218SG submarines will have longer endurance, better sensors and pack a greater punch as well as other state-of-the-art capabilities - all designed to achieve higher combat effectiveness in our unique operating environment.

(RSN)

T50TH Grounds in Malaysia for Two Weeks

16 Januari 2018


T-50TH (all photos : Kaohsiung International Airport)

RTAF wants engines replaced on new S.Korean jets 

The Royal Thai Air Force is demanding South Korea replace the weather-damaged engines of two new KAI T-50 advanced jet trainer/light attack planes before it takes delivery. 

Air force chief ACM Johm Rungswang said on Monday the air force expects the supplier, Korea Aerospace Industries (KAI), to replace the engines. 

He expected KAI to deliver the two planes in about two weeks. Delivery was earlier scheduled for last Thursday at Wing 4 in Nakhon Sawan province, but postponed because of the aircraft had weather-damaged engines. They were parked at Kuantan airport in Malaysia pending maintenance. 

ACM Johm said the damage was limited and the planes could still fly. However, they must be in perfect condition when delivered, he said. (see full article Bangkok Post)

Air Force puts off today’s ceremony to receive two Korean trainer jets

The Royal Thai Air Force (RTAF) has announced the postponement of the ceremony to receive the first two of a fleet of 12 T-50TH Golden Eagle fighter training aircraft it bought from Korea Aerospace Industries (KAI) indefinitely after it was notified by the Korean manufacturer that the trainer jets need more checks.

The ceremony was earlier scheduled to be held at the Takhli airbase in Nakhon Sawan province on Friday (Jan 12) to receive the two aircraft and the two RTAF pilots who have finished training with the aircraft.



According to the RTAF’s statement, the KAI has notified that while the two aircraft were on the flight to Thailand on Jan 8, the pilots unavoidably flied into extreme turbulent weather forcing them to make landing at Kuantan airport in Malaysia.

From the eye inspection, the pilots and technicians noticed some unusual happening that they needed thorough inspection in details for utmost safety.

KAI then said it has to delay the delivery of the aircraft for inspection to ensure full safety before delivery to the RTAF.

According to Korea’s Yonhap News Agency, KAI received two separate orders from Thailand to build four T-50TH trainer jets worth US$110 million on Sept 17, 2015 and eight T-50TH jets valued at $260 million in 2016.

The RTAF placed order for 12 T-50TH aircraft for training and supporting air striking mission, with the delivery of the first two aircraft in January, and two between April-May this year. (ThaiPBS)