26 November 2015

Key Radar System for KFX Project is 75% Complete: ADD

26 November 2015

AESA radar for KFX aircraft (image : chosun)

This is a prototype of the active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar system, key to the Korean Fighter Experimental jet project.

The radar functions as the eyes and brain of a fighter jet.

The yellow modules act as antennas in airborne operations -- detecting and tracking enemy fighter jets and directing missiles.

The AESA radar is one of the four core technologies the U.S. government barred Lockheed Martin from transferring to Korea, after Korea contracted with Lockheed to buy 40 F-35As.

There was concern the loss of the tech would slow the project down, but the Agency for Defense Development (ADD) now says Seoul is capable of developing the radar on its own.

"We are currently in the last stage of testing this hardware on land. If we proceed with the testing, we can convert it for fighter jet use."

"The Agency for Defense Development says it has developed about 70 to 75 percent of the technology for the radar. The critical point now is miniaturizing the radar so it's small enough to fit on a fighter jet."

The agency is aiming to have the radar fully developed by 2021.

It then plans to conduct more than 100 test flights over the following three to four years and will integrate it into the KF-X project from 2025 to 2028. 

The agency also said it has completed development of the three other key technologies the U.S. government refused to transfer to Korea -- an infrared search and track sensor, an electro-optical targeting pod and a radio frequency jammer.

The ADD says it has integrated the technologies into ships and some aircraft, adding that it won't be hard to apply them to the fighter jets.

The KF-X project, worth six.seven billion U.S. dollars, aims to develop 120 fighter jets by 2025 to replace its aging fleet of F-4s and F-5s.


Mei 2016, Pesawat N219 Akan Uji Terbang di Bandung

26 November 2016

Prototipe pesawat N-219 (photo : Kaskus Militer)

TEMPO.CO, Jakarta - Pesawat Perintis N219 berkapasitas 19 penumpang yang dirancang PT Dirgantara Indonesia (DI) bersama Lembaga Penerbangan dan Antariksa Nasional (LAPAN) akan dijajal terbang pada Mei 2016 dari Bandara Internasional Hussein Sastra Negara Bandung, Jawa Barat.

"Minggu ini atau paling tidak awal Desember, N219 akan diluncurkan (roll-out). Lalu setelah sertifikasi, Mei 2016 sudah bisa uji coba terbang dari Bandara Hussein," kata Kepala LAPAN Thomas Djamaluddin saat ditemui usai talk show kinerja awal satelit LAPAN-A2 di gedung LAPAN, Jakarta pada Senin, 23 November 2015.

Chief Engineering pesawat N219 Palmana Banandhi mengatakan, prototipe pesawat itu sudah mencapai 90 persen. Proyeknya sudah digagas sejak 2006. 

Tahapan pertama N219 diawali dengan penelitian dan perencanaan oleh LAPAN. Baru pada 2014 lalu PT DI mengeksekusi hasil penelitian tersebut menjadi prototipe.

"Pesawat ini mulai dirintis sejak 2006. Proyek ini mulai dilakukan serius pada 2014," ujar Palmana.

Proyek pesawat perintis ini digadang-gadang bisa menjadi penggerak industri pesawat terbang nasional, di tengah masa kelesuan industri Dirgantara Indonesia. 

Proyek pembuatan pesawat ini menghabiskan dana senilai Rp 500 miliar yang sebagian berasal dari pemerintah melalui LAPAN. Hampir 40 persen prosesnya, dari tenaga kerja sampai bahan baku pesawat, dikerjakan oleh anak bangsa. 

Sudah ada tiga perusahaan maskapai lokal dan luar negeri yang mengantre untuk membeli pesawat yang ditaksir berharga US$ 5-6 juta ini di antaranya Lion Air dan Kartika Air.


Raise Funding for AFP Modernization Continues

26 November 2015

Anti aircraft gun of the AFP (photo : pdff)

Senators agree to augment Defense department budget

The proposed budget of the Department of National Defense (DND) for 2016 did not only get the nod of the Senate on Tuesday but senators also agreed to raise its appropriation to address possible security concerns of the country.

No less than the chair of the Senate committee on finance, Senator Loren Legarda, admitted that the P116.2-billion proposed DND budget next year was not enough despite the P250-million augmentation contained in her committee report.

Legarda made this admission in response to a series of questions of Senate Minority Leader Juan Ponce Enrile.

“Given the security environment of the country, Madam Chair, do you think that is really a budget reflecting the concern of the government regarding the security of the country?” asked Enrile.

“Considering the multifarious threats not only domestically but internationally and in the region Mr. President, I personally believe that this is not a sufficient budget,” Legarda said.

“In fact as we know, there had been already AFP modernization program to my mind, the first has not yet been fulfilled by Congress. In fact, there’s a second modernization plan which we are funding and so I’m certain that the National Defense establishment will say that they will make do with present resources allocated by Congress,” she added.

Legarda also pointed out that the DND’s proposed budget to the Department of Budget and Management was P202.3 billion but it was slashed to P115.8 billion at the House of Representatives. Her committee approved a higher budget of P116.2 billion.

“So if it’s not enough, is the chair of the finance committee defending and presenting this budget agreeable to augmenting the budget of this department in order to secure the safety and security of the Filipino people, given the (present) security environment of the country?” Enrile asked again.

“Of course, Mr. President. In fact before your interpellation and during the weekend when we were working, I already augmented their budget based on the amendments presented and contained in my committee report today and that includes a P250 million to the Office of the Secretary DND QRF (quick response fund) which was not grated by Congress for year 2015,” Legarda said.

“Apart from the P250 million, there were other requests of the Philippine Army… however, this is still not enough Mr. President. The chair is open within the limits of the P3.002 trillion budget to augment the budget of the Defense,” she added.

Enrile then saw the need to scrutinize the entire budget and “sacrifice some in order to protect ourselves.”

Legarda agreed to Enrile’s proposal, saying that “At a proper time, I would be happy to receive amendments from my colleagues or realignments from other agencies for augmentation to the defense budget.” (Inquirer)

US raises military aid to Philippines amid sea tension with China

MANILA, Philippines - The United States has raised its military aid to the Philippines this year to $79 million, the US ambassador said on Wednesday, as tension rises in the region over China's new assertiveness in the South China Sea.

Since 2002, the United States has provided the Philippines with nearly $500 million in military assistance as well as various types of military equipment.

"We have upped our foreign military funding for the Philippines," Ambassador Philip Goldberg told ANC television, without giving a percentage. "It will be somewhere in the range of $79 million this year. It's increasing and what has been proposed is something called a maritime security initiative in the region."

China has overlapping claims with Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia, Taiwan and Brunei in the South China Sea, through which $5 trillion in ship-borne trade passes every year.

Reclamation work and the building of three airfields and other facilities on some of China's artificial islands in the Spratly archipelago have alarmed the region and raised concern in Washington that China is extending its military reach deep into maritime Southeast Asia.

Washington announced earlier it had allocated $50 million in aid to Manila this year. The Philippines remains one of the largest recipients of military aid in the region, focusing on building capability for the navy and air force to guard the South China Sea.

Last week, before attending a regional economic summit, US President Barack Obama boarded a Hamilton-class cutter converted into a frigate by the Philippines, a display of maritime security support for its closest ally in Southeast Asia.

Goldberg said the third Hamilton-class coast guard cutter would be arriving late next year while an old maritime research ship would be transferred by the middle of 2016.

Philippine defense and military officials said two US Marines C-130 transport planes and about eight amphibious assault vehicles were also due next year.

The Pentagon has announced it is committing $119 million this year to help develop Southeast Asian maritime capabilities and will provide $140 million next year to allies, including Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam and the Philippines. (InterAksyon)

Awal Tahun Depan, PT DI Serahkan 6 Helikopter EC 725 pada TNI AU

26 November 2015

Helikopter EC-725 Cougar buatan PT DI (photos : defence.pk)

Bandung - PT Dirgantara Indonesia (PT DI) sedang memproduksi helikopter teknologi tinggi yakni helikopter EC 725 atau Super Cougar yang merupakan pengembangan dari Super Puma. Helikopter itu merupakan kerjasama PTDI dan Airbus Helicopters.

Saat ini sudah ada tiga helikopter yang sudah jadi. Itu merupakan pesanan TNI AU. Tiga lagi masih diproduksi. Menurut Direktur Produksi PT DI Arie Wibowo, direncanakan awal tahun depan enam helikopter EC 725 combat SAR akan diserahkan kepada TNI AU.

"Mereka pesannya katanya nantinya sampai satu skuadron. Namun untuk pemesanan 2012 baru enam unit," ujar Arie di PT DI, Jalan Padjadjaran, Rabu (25/11/2015).

Harga satu unit Super Cougar sekitar 26 juta Euro.

Arie menjelaskan EC 725 merupakan kerjasama PT DI dengan Airbus Helicopters selama 10 tahun. PT DI memproduksi bagian badan pesawat atau fuselage dan tail boom (ekor). "Setiap tahun kita kirim ke airbus 10 fuselage dan 15 tail boom," jelasnya. Sementara untuk lisensinya dari UeroCopter, sama dengan Super Puma.

Sementara untuk pesanan dalam negeri, semua dirakit di sini. "Kalau untuk TNI AU, kita buat semua di sini," katanya.

Heli EC 725 combat SAR ini sudah dilengkapi di antaranya dengan anti peluru, autopilot, serta recovery engine field. "Jadi si pesawat bisa mengubah ketinggian sendiri misal di posisi bahaya, dan si pilot tidak menyadarinya," katanya.

Heli Cougar ini merupakan pesawat bermesin ganda dengan 29 seat. Pesawat ini untuk transportasi pasukan, evakuasi korban, pencarian tempur dan penyelamatan.


Singapore Pursues Expansion of Military Training Space in Australia

26 November 2015

Leopard 2SG main battle tanks deploy to a new position while Bionix infantry fighting vehicle teams await their turn to move out of cover. (photo : Jane's)

Defence training agreements and co-operation between Singapore and Australia look set to be expanded under the Singapore-Australia Comprehensive Strategic Partnership (CSP) framework following the latest round of discussions between the defence leaders of both countries.

Singaporean defence minister Ng Eng Hen called on his Australian counterpart, Marise Payne, in Sydney on 19 November before travelling to the country's northeastern Shoalwater Bay Training Area (SWBTA) - near the city of Rockhampton in Queensland - to observe Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) troops participating in Exercise 'Wallaby' 2015: an annual drill conducted there since 1990.

A Republic of Singapore Air Force AH-64D Apache attack helicopter provides close air support for the ground assault forces. (photo : Jane's)

According to a statement by the Singapore Ministry of Defence (MINDEF), Ng and Payne reiterated their governments' commitment to enhance the bilateral defence relationship between both countries and to finalise a number of initiatives under the recently renewed Memorandum of Understanding for Cooperation in Defence Science and Technology.

MINDEF stated that new initiatives being explored include "increased access to, and enhancement of, training areas", as well as greater intelligence and security collaboration.

Speaking to reporters after an integrated live-firing drill between the SAF's armour and rotary-wing aircraft assets in SWBTA on 20 November, Ng noted that Singapore's physical limitations necessitate the use of overseas military training grounds to enable troops to train more effectively.

SAF armour assets prepare to fire on a simulated enemy position. Due to land and airspace constraints, the country regularly sends its personnel and equipment overseas for training. (photo : Jane;s)

"Obviously if [the Australian government] would allow, we would want more time and more space," said Ng, revealing that this privilege would enable the SAF to deploy more reservist troops to train alongside conscripts in future 'Wallaby' drills. The bulk of the country's fighting strength lies in its pool of male citizen-soldiers, who train full-time for two years and subsequently serve in reserve forces for a decade or more depending on their roles.

"This vast terrain, [which is] about three times the size of Singapore, provides our armoured [forces] credible opportunities for realistic training to hone their skills," he added.


25 November 2015

F/A-18D TUDM Tampil dengan Skema Warna Baru

25 November 2015

F/A-18D Hornet TUDM dengan nomor bodi M45-06 (photo : Kamarul Azizi)

M45-06 dengan cat baru low visibility

F/A-18D Hornet yang mengikuti Eksesais Paradise 2/2015 dengan nomor bodi M45-06 tampil dengan cat baru Low Visibility Air Superiority Grey.

Kita dapat lihat Hornet Dash Six dengan cat baru. Sebelum ini ramai tertanya-tanya tentang Dash Seven yang warna berlainan dengan pesawat Hornet TUDM yang lain. Jadi rasmilah bahawa F/A-18D+ milik TUDM akan menggunakan warna tipe Air superiority grey sebagai tactical paint scheme dan bukan lagi experimental.

F/A-18D Hornet TUDM dengan nomor bodi 06 yang ambil bagian dalam eksesais terlihat bekas upgrade Blok 25 berupa tonjolan dan antena baru. (photo : Malaysian Defence)

Kemungkinan di masa hadapan lebih banyak F/A-18D+ Hornet TUDM akan dicat dengan warna low visibility Air superiority grey.

(Malaysia Military Power)

Tech Transfer, Budget Still Matter to KF-X

25 November 2015

KFX fighter (photo : gukjeknews)

Korea's tentative deal with Indonesia to share the costs of the KF-X project, reached Sunday, bodes well for the nation's indigenous fighter program.

The signing is expected to ease concerns over the feasibility of the 8.5 trillion won project that were raised after Seoul failed to receive four core technologies related to the F-35 stealth fighter from Lockheed Martin in April.

However, the transfer of the remaining 21 technologies from the U.S. defense giant and the budget issue still remain major obstacles to completing the project on time. The project is aimed at building new fighter aircraft by 2025 to replace the Air Force's aging fleet of F-4s and F-5s.

Whether or not Lockheed Martin will hand over all of the remaining technologies to Seoul is cited as the biggest matter now. Company officials visited the Defense Acquisition Program Administration (DAPA) last week to discuss and check on the progress of the U.S. government's inspection of the transfer.

The transfer of 25 technologies, including the four, was included in the offset deal in return for Korea's purchase of 40 F-35s, which was signed in September last year.

So far, DAPA has said the U.S. rejection of transferring the four, including the active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar, was anticipated from the beginning as the U.S. strictly prohibits their export for security reasons. But the agency stressed that it would be able to receive the remaining 21 with DAPA Minister Chang Myoung-jin telling reporters that Washington vowed to approve their export.

The state-run procurement agency, however, recently showed a subtle change from its position that the transfer of the 21 technologies, including a flight control system, was a done deal.

Spokesman Col. Kim Si-cheol said last week that it is a contractual obligation for Lockheed Martin to transfer technologies worth $1.41 billion.

"Although the company is changing the technologies to be handed over to Korea from the original list, they should be valued at the agreed upon amount," he said.

Some observers construed the remark as an indication that the list of technologies to be transferred could be changed after the U.S. government inspection.

Regarding the concerns, another DAPA official said, "It is difficult for now to surely say when the discussion of the technology transfer will be complete."

The budget issue is seen as another stumbling block that could deal a heavy blow to the project because an initial budget proposal for next year proposed by DAPA was cut by almost 100 billion won during discussions at the National Assembly.

DAPA had initially requested 161.8 billion won for the KF-X project next year, but the Ministry of Strategy and Finance cut it to 67 billion won in September, which was approved by the National Assembly Defense Committee at the end of last month.

Minister Chang said that if a budget bill approved by the Defense Committee is passed at the Assembly plenary session as it is, the project would be put two to three years behind schedule.